The EPA was linked to the creation of a secure data flow space between the EU and Japan. On 23 January, the European Commission adopted a adquacy decision on Japan certifying the equivalence of its data protection standards so that the personal data of European citizens can be freely transferred to Japan. The Japanese government has taken a decision on the EU, giving life to an idea of a 21st century agreement. Businesses can now move data between the EU and Japan, creating new opportunities for both digital markets. This agreement is particularly beneficial for French farmers and exporters: Japan is France`s sixth largest trading partner outside the European Union. Around 8,000 French companies are already exporting there, many for the first time exporters, and selling more than 6 billion euros worth of goods. The Japanese market offers considerable potential for French products due to its size and the high standards of its consumers. In the area of public procurement, the federal government has called for broad market liberalization. Important results have been achieved in this area. For example, one year after the agreement came into force or two years after a political agreement, Japan will abolish a broad derogation from transparent public procurement in the rail sector (the « operational safety clause »). It was a central German requirement. In addition, Japan provides market access to allocation procedures for universities, hospitals and « city centres. » The latter covers 48 cities with a population of about 300,000, or about 15% of the Japanese population.
Most importantly, the SDG opens an era of global cooperation between the EU and Japan in many areas, such as climate change and environmental protection, information society and cybercrime, space policy, development and economic policy, culture, science, technology and industrial cooperation, anti-corruption , money laundering, illicit drugs and terrorism, or the issue of weapons of mass destruction and conventional weapons.