Seas Agreement

At the beginning of the 20th century, some nations expressed their desire to extend national requirements: the integration of mineral resources, the protection of fish stocks and the provision of pollution control. (The League of Nations convened a conference in The Hague in 1930, but no agreement was reached. [6] By applying the principle of a nation`s international law to the protection of its natural resources, President Harry S. Truman extended control of the United States in 1945 to all natural resources on his continental shelf. Other nations quickly followed suit. Between 1946 and 1950, Chile, Peru and Ecuador extended their rights to a distance of 200 nautical miles (370 km) to cover their Humboldt-Strom fisheries. Other nations extended their coastal seas to 22 km. [7] « the United States, to engage in international discussions and take the necessary steps with other nations to negotiate an agreement on the management of migratory and cross-border fish stocks in the Arctic Ocean. This agreement provides a proactive and precautionary approach to future deep-sea fishing activities in the central Arctic Ocean.

All parties are committed to a joint scientific research and monitoring program. This will contribute to a better understanding of Arctic Ocean ecosystems and a better understanding of Arctic fish stocks. By preventing commercial fishing in the absence of this information, this agreement increases the likelihood that any future commercial fishing activity in this area will be sustainable. An important feature of CAOFA is that it must not undermine the existing legal order and the positions of the parties in this area, including other fisheries agreements such as the CPANE (Article 14). This concept is also reflected in the provisions that determine the scope of the CAOFA. The United States objected, for several reasons, to the provisions of Part XI of the Convention and argued that the treaty was not favourable to the economic and security interests of the United States. Because of Part XI, the United States refused to ratify UNCLOS when it agreed with the other provisions of the convention. Aircraft commanders of the contracting parties exercise the utmost caution and caution with respect to the rapprochement with aircraft and ships of the other party operating on the high seas and over the sea, particularly vessels involved in the take-off or landing of aircraft and, in the interests of mutual safety. , cannot permit: simulated attacks by the simulated use of weapons against aircraft and ships or the performance of various artistic flights over ships. or drop various objects close to home so that they are dangerous to ships or pose a danger to navigation. This agreement provides a framework for Canada and other parties: convinced that commercial fishing in the high seas of the central Arctic Ocean is unlikely to be profitable in the near future […] The protocol to this agreement was born from the first meeting of the advisory committee established by the agreement.